Isanti SWCD’s Blue Lake protection work culminates in alum treatment

A man stands near the lake shore and monitors alum treatment equipment.
SOLitude Lake Management operator Justin Broch monitored tanks of aluminum sulfate and sodium aluminate as they refilled Sept. 14, 2022, at the Blue Lake access in Stanford Township. Photo Credits: Ann Wessel, BWSR
Clean Water Land and Legacy Amendment logo
BWSR awarded the Isanti SWCD a $384,630 Clean Water Fund grant in 2022 to address in-lake phosphorus with alum treatments in 2022 and 2024. It followed a 2018 grant for $251,000 to address runoff and phosphorus-loading in the watershed.

ZIMMERMAN — With an alum treatment targeting in-lake phosphorus, the Isanti Soil & Water Conservation District last fall embarked upon the final phase of Clean Water Fund-supported efforts to protect Blue Lake’s water quality.

“Blue Lake was teetering on becoming an imperiled, endangered lake because of too much phosphorus,” said Bill Fredell, vice president of the 147-member Blue Lake Improvement District (LID), which prompted protection efforts and provided matching funds. “This is the most cost-effective way to preserve the lake for the future.”

Phosphorus feeds the algae that can turn lakes green. While not yet impaired, Blue Lake was starting to produce more algae blooms. Monitoring in 2016 revealed slightly elevated phosphorus and chlorophyll-a levels.

“This is Phase 2 of a larger goal to protect Blue Lake. Phase 1 was dealing with the external sources of phosphorus,” said Lydia Godfrey, Isanti SWCD outreach assistant. A 2018 Clean Water Fund grant from the Minnesota Board of Water and Soil Resources supported the initial work within the watershed, which reduced upland phosphorus-loading by more than 40%.

“We did the most cost-effective projects there,” Godfrey said.

A man stands monitoring an alum treatment reload while standing in a boat which is tied to the dock
SOLitude Lake Management project manager Joel Barrow monitored the tanks of aluminum sulfate and sodium aluminate as they refilled. A second alum treatment is set for 2024.

A diagnostic study determined that an alum treatment was the best next step to protect the lake. A $384,630 Clean Water Fund grant BWSR awarded to the SWCD in 2022 supports that work.

A crew from SOLitude Lake Management completed the first of two planned alum applications on Sept. 15, 2022. A second alum treatment planned for 2024 will cap the SWCD’s Clean Water Fund-supported work centered on the popular recreational lake.

“You look in the lake and you can see fish and (plants) on the bottom, which you couldn’t see yesterday,” Godfrey said while September’s 73-acre treatment was underway.

Together, the two treatments will reduce phosphorus by an estimated 590 pounds a year — exceeding the SWCD’s 360-pound annual reduction goal by more than 150%.

Tadd Barrow, a Fairmont, Nebraska-based water quality specialist with SOLitude, described the treatment as he and the rest of the crew waited for a truck to arrive with more aluminum sulfate.

“We essentially ‘mow the lawn’ going back and forth across the lake, applying aluminum sulfate. The aluminum sulfate will form a flock that settles — it almost looks like snow falling through the water,” Barrow said. “It resides on the bottom of the lake. It’s a very, very thin layer that is porous. Water can move through that layer. As that water comes through, that aluminum sulfate is grabbing onto the phosphorus, which is trying to leach into the water column that stimulates that algae growth.”

The crew uses GPS to guide application. Automated valves and flow meters ensure accurate distribution and coverage.

An alum treatment navigates through Blue Lake.
Guided by GPS, a SOLitude Lake Management crew applied alum to targeted areas of Blue Lake.

A treatment can be effective from five to 20-plus years, depending upon conditions including the dose rate, amount of phosphorus-loading from the watershed and number of sites to which the alum can bind.

“We’re hoping that the result of this alum treatment will be quite dramatic, and it will prove to people that we can do even more, so that we get to a point where there’s absolutely no phosphorus runoff into the lake — or as little as possible. That way we’ll be able to preserve the lake for a long time into the future,” Fredell said.

Fredell, who lives in Edina, has been visiting the lake since he was a child. Over the years, he’s seen the shift from summer homes like his to year-round lake residences.

“This is a lake that people love. This is their home. This is their summer home. And they have friends here. It’s a community asset that is very worthy of our protecting,” Fredell said. “Blue Lake is an enormous resource for Isanti County. It’s one of the few deep lakes in the county, and it has traditionally been a very healthy lake.”

Thirty-one feet at its deepest point, 263-acre Blue Lake supports game fish and panfish including walleye, largemouth bass, Northern pike, bluegills, sunfish, perch and crappies. It draws anglers, recreational boaters and swimmers.

“This is a very popular recreational lake. It’s very cherished by those in the county. It’s also very cherished by the people that live on the lake. This project would not be possible if it wasn’t for the efforts of the residents on Blue Lake, especially the Blue Lake Improvement District as well as both of the townships,” Godfrey said.

BWSR logo
The Minnesota Board of Water and Soil Resources’ mission is to improve and protect the state’s water and soil resources by working in partnership with local organizations and private landowners.



Minnesota Board of Water and Soil Resources

Our mission is to improve and protect Minnesota’s water and soil resources by working in partnership with local organizations and private landowners.